About our research
A common feature of myeloid hematological malignancies, especially chronic myelomonocytic leukemia and systemic mastocytosis, is an overall poor prognosis and no curative treatment options. Our goal is to identify novel treatment targets and initiate and facilitate clinical trials, in order to improve symptom control and prolong survival. For the rare diagnosis Systemic Mastocytosis, we have a unique opportunity to include patients in clinical trials and collect samples, as JU is the responsible hematologist for Center of Excellence Systemic Mastocytosis, Karolinska University Hospital, and clinically manages a large part of SM patients in Sweden.
Focus area 1: Systemic Mastocytosis (SM)
SM is a care myeloid disease where almost all patients have a mutation (D816V) in the KIT tyrosine kinase receptor is, rendering mast cells constantly active. In most cases, patients experience an indolent disease with symptoms of mast cell activation that may per se be severe, but have a normal life expectancy. However, 10-15% of patients will have an aggressive course of disease with a survival of only 2-4 years. Thus, there is a large discrepancy in clinical course, and what factors determine the fate of indolent or aggressive, is largely unknown.
One main goal with our SM research is to map the genetic and epigenetic factors that contribute to determine the disease course and prognosis. By functional and structural comparison of healthy and SM cell subsets, we hope to identify novel treatment targets. We are also involved in clinical trials as well as epidemiological studies and work with disease awareness, as SM is likely underdiagnosed in Sweden. Our Center of Excellence SM collaborates closely with the second Center in Sweden at Akademiska Hospital in Uppsala, and with the European Competence Network on Mastocytosis (ECNM).
Focus area 2: Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia (CMML)
CMML is a heterogenous clonal myeloid stem cell disorder. The heterogeneity of disease has many aspects, one is that the life expectancy of a CMML patient is 1-120 months and there are no solid prognostic scores to predict who will be a long-time survivor and who will not, which is of course a considerable clinical problem.
Our projects focus on one hand on population based epidemiological studies of the Swedish and more in detail the Stockholm CMML patients, to understand the biology of disease and its connection to external and internal factors, e.g. inflammation. Our other focus is to conduct large scale molecular sequencing of both genetic profile (whole exome sequencing and transcriptome) and epigenetic profiles. We are also molecularly studying how inflammation is involved in initiation and progression of CMML, especially the role of dysfunctional monocytes and plasmacytoid dendritic cells.
Epigenetics, chromatin, systemic mastocytosis, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia