Lou Brundins research group
Stemcells and inflammation
The effects of inflammation on neural stem cells
During injuries and inflammation in the central nervous system neural stem/progenitor cells are activated to migrate into the injury. A limited replacement of the injured tissue can be achieved by differentiation of the progenitor cells. The replacement of oligodendrocytes which occurs in the early phases of multiple sclerosis is an example of this mechanism.
Our group works to identify mechanisms important for the regeneration from progenitor cells and how these mechanisms are affected by inflammatory mediators. We have demonstrated that some components in the inflammatory cascade such as nitric oxide can change the fate of the progenitor cells and hampers neurogenesis. We have also demonstrated that progenitor cells carry receptors which on stimulation can cause the release of proinflammatory cytokines from these cells. The aim of our research is to improve the restoration and limit the injury by preservation of restorative mechanisms in the CNS. Our research group consists of neurologists, neurosurgeons and neurobiologists .
Brundin and Svenssons research groups. From the right: Lou Brundin, Cynthia Perez Estrada, Maria Bergsland, Jonathan Nordblom, Nasren Jaff, Sebastian Thams, Lisa Arvidsson, Per Mattson, Arvid Frostell, Sreenivasa Sankavaram, Mikael Svensson Missing: Ruxandra Covacu, Ellen Iacobaeus, Jonas Gripenland, Pendar Khalili, Britt Meijer, Biljana Milovac
- Adult neural stem cells in neuroinflammation
- Neural stem cells a potential source of remyelination in neuroinflammatory disease
- Neurogenesis in the adult spinal cord experimental models of multiple sclerosis
- Effects of nitric oxide on neurogenesis from adult neural stem cells
- Proliferation, migration and differentiation of neural progenitor cells
- Biomarkers for disease activity in multiple sclerosis
- Mesenchymal stem cell transplantation in multiple sclerosis
Nitric oxide-induced neuronal to glial lineage fate-change depends on NRSF/REST function in neural progenitor cells.
Stem Cells 2014 Sep;32(9):2539-49
Oxidative stress increases neurogenesis and oligodendrogenesis in adult neural progenitor cells.
Stem Cells Dev. 2014 Oct;23(19):2311-27
Dynamics of oligodendrocyte generation and myelination in the human brain.
Cell 2014 Nov;159(4):766-74
Change of fate commitment in adult neural progenitor cells subjected to chronic inflammation.
J. Neurosci. 2014 Aug;34(35):11571-82
Oral teriflunomide for patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis (TOWER): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial.
Lancet Neurol 2014 Mar;13(3):247-56
|Lou Brundin||Professor/senior physician|
|Ruxandra Covacu||Assistant professor|
|Ellen Viveka Iacobaeus||Associated|
|Caroline Ingre||Associated, Postdoc|
|Ulf Kläppe||Graduate Student|
|Susanne Neumann||PhD student, Graduate Student|
|Sreenivasa Sankavaram||PhD student, Graduate Student|
|Sebastian Thams||Assistant professor|