Gunilla Karlsson Hedestam Group

Research Description

Infection Immunology

Our research focuses on the function of B lymphocytes and qualitative aspects of immunological memory. We study the role of specific pathways affecting B cell development or function to understand processes that regulate B cell selection and differentiation. In several projects, we define antibody responses at the clonal level by single-cell sorting memory B cells for sequence analysis of antibody V(D)J transcripts and for isolation of antigen-specific monoclonal antibodies. We also apply next generation sequencing to analyze expressed immune repertoires and to trace specific antibody lineages to understand their fate and levels of affinity maturation. Because V(D)J gene assignment is a critical first step of lineage tracing, and there is considerable genetic variation in germline V genes/alleles between subjects, we developed a computational tool that allows the generation of individualized germline V gene databases, IgDiscover. This is a major technical advance that will enable the use of individualized germline databases to become a standard element of high quality immunological studies in both humans and experimental animals. By applying these methods we obtain new and highly detailed information about the establishment of long-lived immunity.

IgDiscover

Access a computational tool that allows i) the generation of individualized germline immunoglobulin gene databases and ii) analysis of expressed antibody repertoires.

IgDiscover website

 

Projects

B cell repertoire analysis following immunization

Isolation and analysis of vaccine-elicited monoclonal antibodies

Mechanistic studies of mice with defects in humoral immune responses

Genetic characterization of B cell receptor repertoires in cancer

Selected Publications

Particulate Array of Well-Ordered HIV Clade C Env Trimers Elicits Neutralizing Antibodies that Display a Unique V2 Cap Approach.
Martinez-Murillo P, Tran K, Guenaga J, Lindgren G, Àdori M, Feng Y, et al
Immunity 2017 May;46(5):804-817.e7

Production of individualized V gene databases reveals high levels of immunoglobulin genetic diversity.
Corcoran M, Phad G, Vázquez Bernat N, Stahl-Hennig C, Sumida N, Persson M, et al
Nat Commun 2016 12;7():13642

Heterozygous Mutation in IκBNS Leads to Reduced Levels of Natural IgM Antibodies and Impaired Responses to T-Independent Type 2 Antigens.
Pedersen G, Ádori M, Stark J, Khoenkhoen S, Arnold C, Beutler B, et al
Front Immunol 2016 ;7():65

Diverse antibody genetic and recognition properties revealed following HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein immunization.
Phad G, Vázquez Bernat N, Feng Y, Ingale J, Martinez Murillo P, O'Dell S, et al
J. Immunol. 2015 Jun;194(12):5903-14

B-1a transitional cells are phenotypically distinct and are lacking in mice deficient in IκBNS.
Pedersen G, Àdori M, Khoenkhoen S, Dosenovic P, Beutler B, Karlsson Hedestam G
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2014 Sep;111(39):E4119-26

Enhanced HIV-1 immunotherapy by commonly arising antibodies that target virus escape variants.
Klein F, Nogueira L, Nishimura Y, Phad G, West A, Halper-Stromberg A, et al
J. Exp. Med. 2014 Nov;211(12):2361-72

HIV-1 receptor binding site-directed antibodies using a VH1-2 gene segment orthologue are activated by Env trimer immunization.
Navis M, Tran K, Bale S, Phad G, Guenaga J, Wilson R, et al
PLoS Pathog. 2014 Aug;10(8):e1004337

Single-cell and deep sequencing of IgG-switched macaque B cells reveal a diverse Ig repertoire following immunization.
Sundling C, Zhang Z, Phad G, Sheng Z, Wang Y, Mascola J, et al
J. Immunol. 2014 Apr;192(8):3637-44

Vaccine-elicited primate antibodies use a distinct approach to the HIV-1 primary receptor binding site informing vaccine redesign.
Tran K, Poulsen C, Guenaga J, de Val N, de Val Alda N, Wilson R, et al
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2014 Feb;111(7):E738-47

A forward genetic screen reveals roles for Nfkbid, Zeb1, and Ruvbl2 in humoral immunity.
Arnold C, Pirie E, Dosenovic P, McInerney G, Xia Y, Wang N, et al
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2012 Jul;109(31):12286-93

High-resolution definition of vaccine-elicited B cell responses against the HIV primary receptor binding site.
Sundling C, Li Y, Huynh N, Poulsen C, Wilson R, O'Dell S, et al
Sci Transl Med 2012 Jul;4(142):142ra96

Soluble HIV-1 Env trimers in adjuvant elicit potent and diverse functional B cell responses in primates.
Sundling C, Forsell M, O'Dell S, Feng Y, Chakrabarti B, Rao S, et al
J. Exp. Med. 2010 Aug;207(9):2003-17

The challenges of eliciting neutralizing antibodies to HIV-1 and to influenza virus.
Karlsson Hedestam G, Fouchier R, Phogat S, Burton D, Sodroski J, Wyatt R
Nat. Rev. Microbiol. 2008 Feb;6(2):143-55

Further publications

Further Publications 2005-2015 on PubMed

Further Publications before 2005 on PubMed 

Group Members

Professor

Gunilla Karlsson Hedestam

Phone: +46-(0)8-524 869 55
Organizational unit: Gunilla Karlsson Hedestam group
E-mail: Gunilla.Karlsson.Hedestam@ki.se

Senior research specialist

Martin Corcoran

Phone: +46-(0)8-524 869 43
Organizational unit: Gunilla Karlsson Hedestam group
E-mail: Martin.Corcoran@ki.se

Senior research specialist

Monika Àdori

Phone: +46-(0)8-524 869 46
Organizational unit: Gunilla Karlsson Hedestam group
E-mail: monika.adori@ki.se

Postdoc

Elina Erikson

Phone: +46-(0)8-524 869 52
Organizational unit: Gunilla Karlsson Hedestam group
E-mail: elina.erikson@ki.se

Research assistant

Paola Andrea Martinez Murillo

Phone: +46-(0)8-524 869 43
Organizational unit: Gunilla Karlsson Hedestam group
E-mail: paola.martinez.murillo@ki.se

PhD student

Martina Soldemo

Organizational unit: Gunilla Karlsson Hedestam group
E-mail: Martina.Soldemo@ki.se

PhD student

Ganesh Phad

Phone: +46-(0)8-524 869 43
Organizational unit: Gunilla Karlsson Hedestam group
E-mail: ganesh.phad@ki.se

PhD student

Sharesta Khoenkhoen

Organizational unit: Gunilla Karlsson Hedestam group
E-mail: sharesta.khoenkhoen@ki.se

PhD student

Néstor Vázquez Bernat

Organizational unit: Gunilla Karlsson Hedestam group
E-mail: nestor.vazquez.bernat@ki.se

PhD student

Pradeepa Pushparaj

Organizational unit: Gunilla Karlsson Hedestam group
E-mail: pradeepa.pushparaj@ki.se

Associated

Sanjana Narang

Organizational unit: Gunilla Karlsson Hedestam group
E-mail: sanjana.narang@ki.se

Associated

Laura Leprevost

Phone: +46-(0)8-524 869 43
E-mail: laura.leprevost@ki.se

Postdoc

Jonatan Tuncel

Organizational unit: Gunilla Karlsson Hedestam group
E-mail: Jonatan.Tuncel@ki.se

Alumni

PhD students (name and year of graduation)

Main supervisor:

Åsa Hidmark, 2007
Åsa defended her PhD in 2007 after which she received the Jonas Söderqvist’s Prize for basic research in virology and immunology. Åsa moved on to a post-doctoral position at the University of Heidelberg in Germany, where she is now active as a senior research scientist in the field of immunology and diabetes.
Mattias Forsell, 2008
Mattias defended his PhD in 2008. Part of his doctoral research was carried out at the National Institutes of Health in Washington. After this, he received an Early career investigator AMFAR award for post-doctoral work, which was carried out at Karolinska Institutet. He recently obtained a position as Assistant Professor at Umeå University where he now leads his own research group.
Pia Dosenovic, 2012
Pia defended her PhD in 2012 after which she obtained 3 years of funding from the Swedish Research Council to pursue a post-doc at the Rockefeller University in New York. Pia is currently active in several research consortia including CHAVI-ID, as a member of the Nussenzweig laboratory.
Christopher Sundling, 2012
Christopher defended his PhD in 2012 and in the last year of his studies he was awarded the Dimitris N. Chorafas Foundation Prize. He subsequently also received the Jonas Söderqvist’s Prize for basic research in virology and immunology and Sven Gard’s prize for best thesis in virology. He then moved on to a post-doc position in the Brink laboratory at the Garvan Institute in Sydney and returned in 2017 to establish his own group at the Department of Medicine, Solna as an Assistant Professor.

Co-supervisor:
Cornelia Gujer, 2011
Kai Eng, 2012
Lina Josefsson, 2013
Lotta Pramanik Sollerkvist, 2014
Faezzah Baharom 2016

MSc students (name and year of graduation)

Christopher Sundling, 2007
Martina Soldemo, 2009
Nick Huynh, 2011
Max Reiss, 2011
Flavio Lombardo, 2013
Néstor Vázquez Bernat, 2014
Sharesta Khoenkhoen, 2014

Previous post-docs

Iyadh Douagi
Marjon Navis
Gabriel Pedersen

Collaborations

International collaborators
John Mascola, Vaccine Research Center, NIH
Richard Wyatt, The Scripps Research Center
Michael Cancro, University of Pennsylvania
Lynn Morris, Johannesburg
Bruce Beutler, UT Southwestern

National collaborators
Karin Loré, Department of Medicine, Solna, KI
Mikael Karlsson, MTC, KI
Robert Månsson, Center for Hematology and Regenerative Medicine (HERM)

Funding

We gratefully receive financial support for our research from several organizations, currently from:

Swedish Research Council (Vetenskapsrådet, VR)
International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI)
Karolinska Institutet (KID medel)
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Wenner-Gren Foundation
KI-Mayo Clinic Collaborative Grants
European Union, H2020
SciLifeLab Bioinformatics Long-term Support
Fondation Dormeur, Vaduz

Visiting Address

Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology Karolinska Institutet P.O. Box 280 Nobels väg 16 SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden