Sickness absence in different life situations
We conduct several projects regarding sickness absence and disability pension in different life situations, such as among young adults, in relation to migration, among people in paid work after age 65, and in relation to child birth.
Sickness absence among those in paid work after age 65
There is very little knowledge about what the ageing workforce will mean for sickness absence. The aim of the project is to gain knowledge on paid work and sickness absence after age 65, related to sex, morbidity, sociodemographics, socioeconomics, and psychosocial working environment. The project is an extension of a completed project within the division, which showed that despite an increase of paid work after age 65, sickness absence rates did not increase. The current project both updates the results of the previous project, as well as extends the analysis methods to include prospective cohort studies where the same individuals are followed regarding their sickness absence both before and after they turn 65. We also study to what extent those with disability pension or long sickness absence before the age of 65 continue in paid work after age 65, especially related to difference between sickness absence/disability pension in mental and somatic diagnoses.
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Associations of sickness absence and disability pension due to mental and somatic diagnoses when aged 60-64 with paid work after the standard retirement age; a prospective population-based cohort study in Sweden
Sickness absence in relation to giving birth
We have completed two different research projects on sickness absence and disability pension in relation to giving birth or not. The first one was based on twin sisters born in Sweden, the other one on all women of fertile ages living in Sweden. Nine articles in international scientific journals and one Swedish report have so far been published. In all the studies, longitudinal cohort studies were conducted, based on microdata linked from different nationwide registers. In summary, women who did not give birth had more sickness absence/disability pension days/year than those who gave birth once, and those who gave birth more than once during the follow-ups had lowest mean numbers of sickness absence/disability pension days/year.