Improving public health monitoring by estimating the burden of disease

Using data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) project, we monitor the national burden of disease in Sweden and the importance of risk factors.

Data is continuously being collected from various Swedish sources and updated to feed into the database hosted by the Institute of Health and Metrics (IHME) in Seattle, USA. 

We have a long history of collaborating with IHME as well as with GBD collaborators in the Nordic and European countries by comparing disease burden and policy using the GBD estimates. 

At the core is exploring how to use Nordic registry data together with the GBD methods to strengthen and improve the estimates, and research is ongoing on how to estimate disease burden by socioeconomic position. We arrange regular Nordic Burden of Disease workshops. The goal is to strengthen the connection between IHME and Nordic collaborators in terms of integrating Nordic data into GBD analyses, to gain a deeper understanding of the inner workings of the GBD and possibilities to help shape the models and methods used by the GBD.

Contact for the project

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Emilie Agardh

Principal Researcher



Agardh, E. E., Allebeck, P., Knudsen, A. K. S., Aronsson, A. E., Flodin, P., Eikemo, T. A., . . Danielsson, A. -K. (2023). Disease Burden Attributed to Drug use in the Nordic Countries: a Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2019. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 1-32. doi:10.1007/s11469-023-01131-w

Castelpietra, G., Knudsen, A. K. S., Agardh, E. E., Armocida, B., Beghi, M., Iburg, K. M., . . . Monasta, L. (2022). The burden of mental disorders, substance use disorders and self-harm among young people in Europe, 1990-2019: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. Lancet Reg Health Eur, 16, 100341. doi:10.1016/j.lanepe.2022.100341

Agardh, E. E., Allebeck, P., Flodin, P., Wennberg, P., Ramstedt, M., Knudsen, A. K., . . . Danielsson, A. -K. (2021). Alcohol-attributed disease burden in four Nordic countries between 2000 and 2017: Are the gender gaps narrowing? A comparison using the Global Burden of Disease, Injury and Risk Factor 2017 study. Drug Alcohol Rev, 40(3), 431-442. doi:10.1111/dar.13217

Nordic Burden of Disease Collaborators. (2019). Life expectancy and disease burden in the Nordic countries: results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2017. Lancet Public Health, 4(12), e658-e669. doi:10.1016/S2468-2667(19)30224-5

Agardh EE, Danielsson AK, Guban P, Lager A, Rabiee R, Allebeck P (2018). [Health progress in Stockholm is better compared to the rest of Sweden]. Läkartidningen. 2018;115:EWWH.

Allebeck, P., & Agardh, E. (2017). [The global burden of disease has both decreased and increased. The update of the global disease burden project is now complete]. Lakartidningen, 114. Retrieved from



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