Developmental Biology, Stem Cells, Reproductive, Regenerative and Reparative Medicine
The speciality called developmental biology includes the study of how genes regulate cell growth, the differentiation of cells from the stem cell stage and onwards, and the processes that result in the formation of tissues and organs. The aim is to find, amongst other things, new methods of treating disease and repairing damaged tissues (regenerative medicine). Reproduction is the speciality involved in research into germ cells, infertility, pregnancy, foetal medicine, the newborn infant and andrology. Reparative medical research involves surgery and orthopaedics.