ESTRID research presented at the SSSD conference
New research shows large gaps in prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes between different occupational groups. Research from the ESTRID study also shows that physical activity is associated with a reduced risk of LADA.
On April 10-12 the Scandinavian diabetes conference SSSD (Scandinavian Society for the Study of Diabetes) took place at World Trade Center in Stockholm. During the conference, two presentations associated to the ESTRID study were held.
Sofia Carlsson presented statistics on the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in different occupational groups. This research is not specifically based on ESTRID data but instead on registry based data, including everyone born during a 50-year period in Sweden and gainfully employed between the years 2001 and 2013. During the years 2006-2015 almost 200 000 out of these devloped type 2 diabetes. The highest prevalence of diabetes in both men and women was found among manufacturing workers. The lowest prevalence was seen among computing professionals. The incidence of type 2 diabetes was highest among manufacturing workers, professional drivers and cleaners. University teachers and journalists showed the lowest incidence. This knowledge can be used to target workplace interventions towards particularly vulnerable occupational groups.
Rebecka Hjort presented interesting results regarding physical activity and the risk of LADA. The positive effect of physical activity on the risk of LADA seems to primarily be attributed to those not carrying the high-risk gene for autoimmunity and therefore display a more type 2-like LADA. This is partly due to the beneficial effects that physical activity has on body weight but it is also believed to positively influence insulin sensitivity. Among individuals with a more pronounced autoimmunity, the positive effects of physical activity may not be enough to postpone LADA onset.