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Life situation among children and young people, from a social insurance perspective

We conduct several studies of the life situation of children and young people, from a social insurance perspective. Some of them are listed to the left.

Factors affecting disability pension among young people

Which role does social isolation and low participation in society play for risk of disability pension among young adults?

That people have to leave working life early due to reduced work capacity is a public health problem and a heavy socioeconomic burden for the society. In Sweden and in other Nordic countries, the number of disability pensioners has increased particularly in young women. The proportion of women aged 20-29 years with disability pension due to mental illness has increased fivefold between 1987-2005. The corresponding figure for men was a threefold increase. The upward trend in disability pension is persisting among younger people, while the rate of disability pension in the general population is falling. The present investigation focuses mainly on disability pension due to mental illness, but comparisons with disability pension due to musculoskeletal diagnoses are also made. The aim is to study whether social isolation with weak social networks, low participation in working life and society is important for the process leading to disability pension. Differences between men and women and between younger and older will be analyzed.The study includes men and women aged 20-64 years who were interviewed in the surveys of Swedish Living Conditions (SSLC) between 1990-2008.

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Biological and social risk factors for suicidal behaviour a life course perspective

Suicidal behaviour is a considerable problem in Sweden, particularly suicide attempt among young females. Even if a number of risk factors for suicidal behaviour have been identified, a life course approach is seldom applied in suicidological research. This much advocated perspective of conceptualizing disease aetiology intends to study the contribution of early life factors jointly with factors later in life to identify risk and protective processes across the life span. The overall aim of this project is to disentangle the importance of parental and individual risk factors and their interactions during the life span in relation to suicide and suicide attempt. Risk factors included in the study range from inpatient care due to mental disorder, diagnosis-specific disability pension, parental death and suicidal behaviour to socio-economic status.

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Disability pension among young adults and risk for suicidal behavior and premature death

We are conducting several follow-up studies on disability pension among young adults.