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About me

I am currently based in Germany as Senior Researcher at Goethe-University Frankfurt, Institute for Economics, Labour and Culture, and associated to the Medical Management Centre, LIME, Karolinska Institutet. I have a particular interest in international/European comparative research including four main areas: (1) healthcare systems, policy and governance; (2) health workforce governance and professions; (3) organization and management of healthcare; (4) and gender and healthcare/ policy. My research interests reflect my own disciplinary background and qualifications. I was first educated as registered nurse with specialization in intensive care/anaesthesiology. I hold a Master in Public Health and received my PhD and my 'Habilitation' (German post-doc qualification) in sociology with theses addressing issues of healthcare, policy and professions and gender relations.

My previous employment positions in Germany include among others Interim Professorships at the Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Technical University Dortmund, and the Faculty of Social Sciences, Goethe-University Frankfurt in Germany, Guest Professor of Healthcare and Policy, University of Siegen, and Assistant Professor at the Centre for Social Policy Bremen, Germany. I gained practise experiences in nursing in a large university hospital and a mental health hospital, and as programme coordinator for 'health promotion at the workplace' at a sickness fund .

Internationally,  I was a Guest Professor in Denmark at Aarhus University, Department of Political Science (spring term 2012), and Senior Lecturer for Social Policy and Sociology at the University of Bath, UK (2007-12). I had fellowships at McMaster University Canada, Norwegian Social Research Institute (NOVA) Oslo, and Kaoshiung Medical University Taiwan. Other international experiences and professional responsibilities include having served as Vice-President of the European Sociological Association (ESA) (2011-13), President of Research Committee 52 ‘Professional Groups’ of the International Sociological Association (ISA) (2012-16), and member of the Executive Board of ISA Research Committee 15 ‘Health’ (2014-18). I was also member of the Management Committee of the EU FP7 COST action on ‘Medicine and Management’ (IS0903) where I chaired a Working Group. Currently I am Chair of a new Working Group 'Health Workforce Research' of the European Public Health Association (EUPHA) Health Services Research section, and consultant to the WHO European Region and advisor to the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policy on health workforce issues..

 Selected publications

Kuhlmann, E., Ovseiko, P., Kurmeyer, C., Gutiérrez-Lobos, K., Steinböck, S., von Knorring, M., Buchan, A.M. and Brommels, M. (2017) ‘Closing the gender leadership gap: a multi-centre cross-country comparison of women in management and leadership in academic health centres in the European Union’, Human Resources for Health, 15:2, http://rdcu.be/om5k

Kuhlmann, E., Lauxen, O. and Larsen, C. (2016) ‘Regional health workforce monitoring as governance innovation: a German model to coordinate sectoral demand, skill mix and mobility’, Human Resources for Health, 14:71; http://rdcu.be/m4Ul

Pavolini, E. and Kuhlmann, E. (2016) ‘Health workforce development in Europe: a matrix for comparing trajectories of change in the professions’, Health Policy, 120 (6), 654-664; http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2016.03.002

Ovseiko, P.V., Greenhalgh, T., ...., Kuhlmann, E., et al. (2016) ‘A global call for action to include gender in research impact assessment’, BMC Health Research Policy and Systems, 14:50

Kuhlmann, E., Rangnitt, Y. and von Knorring, M. (2016) ‘Medicine and management: looking inside the box of changing hospital governance’, BMC Health Services Research, 16:159; http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/16/S2/159

Kirkpatrick, I., Kuhlmann, E., Hartley, K., Dent, M. and Lega, F. (2016) ‘Medicine and management in European hospitals: a comparative overview’, Special Issue, BMC Health Services Research, 16: 171; https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12913-016-1388-4

Kuhlmann, E., Batenburg, R. and Dussault, G. (2016) ‘Where health workforce research meets health services management’, Health Services Management Research, 29 (1-2), 21-24; http://hsm.sagepub.com/content/early/2016/03/23/0951484816637747.abstract

Kuhlmann, E., Batenburg, R. and Dussault, G. (2015) ‘Guest Editorial: Health workforce governance in Europe: where are we going?’, Health Policy, 119 (12), 1515-1516

Kuhlmann, E. and Larsen, C. (2015) ‘Why we need multi-level health workforce governance: case studies from nursing and medicine in Germany’, Health Policy, 119 (12), 1636-1635

Kuhlmann, E. and von Knorring, M. (2014) ‘Management and medicine: why we need a new approach to the relationship’, Journal of Health Services Research & Policy, 19 (3),

Kuhlmann, E., Burau, V., Correia, T., Lewandowski, R., Lionis, C., Noordegraaf, M. and Repullo, J. (2013) ‘”A manager in the minds of doctors”: a comparison of new modes of control in European hospitals’, BMC Health Services Research, 13:246

Kuhlmann, E., Batenburg, R., Groenewegen, P.P. and Larsen, C. (2013) ‘Bringing a European perspective to the health human resources debate: A scoping study’, Health Policy, 110, 6-13

Kuhlmann, E. and Larsen, C. (2013) ‘Langzeitpflege im europäischen Vergleich: Herausforderungen und Strategien der Sicherung der Pflegepersonalressourcen’ [Comparing long-term care in Europe: challenges of nursing staff management], Bundesgesundheitsblatt, 56, 1064-1071

Kuhlmann, E. and Annandale, E. (2012) 'Researching transformations in health services and policy in international perspective', Current Sociology, 60 (4), 401-414

Kuhlmann, E. and Annandale, E. (2012) 'Mainstreaming gender into healthcare: a scoping exercise into policy transfer in England and Germany’, Current Sociology, 60 (4), 551-568

Kuhlmann, E. (2012) 'From women’s health to gender mainstreaming and back again: linking feminist agendas and health policy', selected for the 60th Anniversary Current Sociology E-Journal, http://csi.sagepub.com/content/57/2/135.full.pdf+html (reprint)

Kuhlmann, E., Burau, V., Larsen, C., Lewandowski, R., Lionis, C. and Repullo, J. (2011) ‘Medicine and management in European healthcare systems: how do they matter in the control of clinical practice?’, International Journal of Clinical Practice, 65 (7), 722-724

Invited articles, international

Kuhlmann, E. (2013) ‘Riders on the storm: the professions and healthcare governance’, Saúde & Tecnologia (Portugal), 10 (Suppl), 6-10

Kuhlmann, E. (2013) ‘Professions and the politics of mediation: the case of mental healthcare and psychotherapy’, Journal of Social Policy Studies Russia (in Russian), 11 (3), 295-306

Kuhlmann, E. (2013) ‘Sociology of professions: towards international context-sensitive approaches’, South African Review of Sociology, 44 (2), 7-17

Kuhlmann, E. (2011) ‘Mainstreaming gender into healthcare and policy: learning from international experience‘, Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology & Medicine, 12, 251-271 (in Chinese)

Monographs and edited collections

Blank, R. H., Burau, V. and Kuhlmann, E. (2017: forthcoming) Comparative Health Policy, fifth edition, Basingstoke: Palgrave

Kirkpatrick, I., Kuhlmann, E., Hartley, K., Dent, M. and Lega, F. (eds.) (2016) ‘Medicine and management in European public hospitals’, Special Issue, BMC Health Services Research, Supplement 2; https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/articles/supplements/volume-16-supplement-2

Dent, M., Bourgeault, I., Denis, J.-L. and Kuhlmann, E. (eds.) (2016) The Routledge companion to the professions and professionalism, London: Routledge, https://www.routledge.com/products/9781138018891

Kuhlmann, E., Batenburg, R. and Dussault, G. (eds.) (2015) ‘Health workforce governance in Europe, Special Issue, Health Policy, 119 (12), 1515-1654; http://www.healthpolicyjrnl.com/issue/S0168-8510%2815%29X0012-1

Kuhlmann, E., Blank, R.H., Bourgeault, I. and Wendt, C. (eds.) (2015) The Palgrave International Handbook of Healthcare Policy and Governance, Basingstoke: Palgrave

Kuhlmann, E. and Annandale, E. (eds.) (2012) The Palgrave Handbook of Gender and Healthcare, second edition. Basingstoke: Palgrave

Kuhlmann, E. and Annandale, E. (eds.) (2012) 'Transforming health services and policy: New international experiences', Current Sociology, Special Issue, 60 (4), 400-578

Kuhlmann, E. and Burau, V. (eds.) (2009) 'Managerial regimes meet the "healthcare state": contingencies and dynamics in the governance of healthcare', Journal of Health Organization and Management, Special Issue, 23 (3), 281-371

Bourgeault. I.L., Kuhlmann, E., Neiterman, E. and Wrede, S. (2008) How to effectively implement optimal skill-mix and why, Health Evidence Network - WHO Europe, Policy Brief Series, http://www.euro.who.int/document/hsm/8_hsc08_ePB_11.pdf

Book chapters

Kuhlmann, E., Maier, C.B., Dussault, G., Larsen, C., Pavolini, E. and Ungureanu, M. (2017) ‘EU law and policy on health professional mobility’. In: Hervey, T.K., Young, C.A. and Bishop, L. (eds.) Research Handbook in EU Health Law and Policy, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 111-133

Kuhlmann, E., Agartan, T. and von Knorring, M. (2016) ‘Professions and governance’, in Dent, M., Bourgeault, I., Denis, J.-L. and Kuhlmann, E. (eds.) The Routledge Companion to the Professions and Professionalism, London: Routledge, 31-44

Kuhlmann, E. (2016) ‘Governing the professions and professionalism: introduction’, in Dent, M., Bourgeault, I., Denis, J.-L. and Kuhlmann, E. (eds.) The Routledge Companion to the Professions and Professionalism, London: Routledge, 87-90

Dent, M., Bourgeault, I., Denis, J.-L. and Kuhlmann, E. (2016) ‘Introduction: The changing world of professions and professionalism’, in Dent, M., Bourgeault, I., Denis, J.-L. and Kuhlmann, E. (eds.) The Routledge Companion to the Professions and Professionalism, London: Routledge, 1-10

Kuhlmann, E. (2016) ‘Gendergerechte Perspektiven auf Gesundheit und Gesundheitsversorgung’ [Gender, health and healthcare], in Richter, M. and Hurrelmann, K. (eds.) Soziologie von Gesundheit und Krankheit: Wiesaden: Springer, 183-196

Kuhlmann, E. and Burau, V. (2015) ‘“Soft governance” and the knowledge-power bonds in professionalism’, in Klenk, T. and Pavolini, E. (eds.) Restructuring welfare governance: marketization, managerialism, and welfare state professionalism, Bingley: Emerald, 145-162

Kuhlmann, E. (2015) ‘Gendertheorien‘, in Kolip, P. and Hurrelmann, K. (eds.) Handbuch Geschlecht, Gesundheit und Krankheit, second revised edition, Bern: Huber, 20-33

Kuhlmann, E., Blank, R.H., Bourgeault, I. and Wendt, C. (2015) ‘Healthcare policy and governance in international perspective’, in Kuhlmann, E., Blank, R.H., Bourgeault, I. and Wendt, C. (eds.) The Palgrave International Handbook of Healthcare Policy and Governance, Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2-19

Kuhlmann, E. and Annandale, E. (2015) ‘Gender and healthcare policy’, in: Kuhlmann, E., Blank, R.H., Bourgeault, I. and Wendt, C. (eds) The Palgrave International Handbook of Healthcare Policy and Governance, Basingstoke: Palgrave, 578-596

Kuhlmann, E., Groenewegen, P.P., Batenburg, R. and Larsen, C. (2015) ‘Health human resources policy: a European approach’, in: Kuhlmann, E., Blank, R.H., Bourgeault, I. and Wendt, C. (eds.) The Palgrave International Handbook of Healthcare Policy and Governance, Basingstoke: Palgrave, 289-307

Kirkpatrick, I., Hartley, K., Kuhlmann, E. and Veronesi, G. (2015) ‘Clinical management and professionalism’, in: Kuhlmann, E., Blank, R.H., Bourgeault, I. and Wendt, C. (eds.) The Palgrave International Handbook of Healthcare Policy and Governance, Basingstoke: Palgrave, 325-340

Kuhlmann, E. and Annandale, E. (2012) ‘Gender and health research’, in: Saks, M. and Allsop, J. (eds.) Researching health: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods, second edition. London: Sage, 351-365

Kuhlmann, E., Bourgeault, I., Larsen, C. and Schofield, T. (2012) ‘Gendering health human resource management and policy’, in: Kuhlmann, E. and Annandale, E. (eds.) The Palgrave handbook of gender and healthcare, second edition. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 72-91

Kuhlmann, E. and Annandale, E. (2012) 'Bringing gender to the heart of health policy, practice and research', in Kuhlmann, E. and Annandale, E. (eds.) The Palgrave handbook of gender and healthcare, second edition. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 1-18

Cheng, L.-F., Kuhlmann, E. and Annandale, E. (2012) ‘Gender mainstreaming at the crossroads of eastern-western healthcare’, in Kuhlmann, E. and Annandale, E. (eds.) Palgrave handbook of gender and healthcare, second edition. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 455-470

Annandale, E. and Kuhlmann, E. (2012) 'Gender and healthcare: the future', in Kuhlmann, E. and Annandale, E. (eds.) The Palgrave handbook of gender and healthcare, second edition. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 505-520

Other publications and abstracts

Kuhlmann, E. (2016) ‘Governing skill mix changes in the health workforce: European comparative research’, (abstract), European Journal of Public Health, 26 (Suppl)

Burau, V., Carstensen, K., Fleron, S.L. and Kuhlmann, E. (2016 forthcming) ‘How occupational groups drive innovations in interprofessional working: the case of stroke rehabilitation in Demark’ (abstract), European Journal of Public Health, 26 (Suppl)

Kuhlmann, E., Agartan, T., Bonnin, D., Hermo, J.P., Iarskaia-Smirnova, E., Lengauer, M., Ruggunan, S. and Singh, V.P. (2015) ‘The professions in an international perspective: opening the box’, Globale Dialogue, ISA online Magazine, 5 (3), http://isa-global-dialogue.net/professions-in-an-international-perspective-opening-the-box/

Kuhlmann, E. and Jensen, T. (2015) ‘Migration and integration of Spanish nurses in Germany: the need for multi-level governance'’ (abstract). European Journal of Public Health, 25 (Suppl 3), 33-34

Kuhlmann, E. (2014) ‘Was muss passieren, damit Krankenhäuser geschlechtergerechter werden?‘ [How to create gender-sensitive hospitals?], invited comment, Deutsches Ärzteblatt, 111 (A23-24), 4, http://www.aerzteblatt.de/pdf/111/23/s4.pdf

Kuhlmann, E., Burau, V., Correia, T., Lewandowski, R., Lionis, C., Noordegraaf, M. and Repullo, J. (2012) Hospital Control Assessment Framework (H-CAF)©  http://www.dr-in-mgmt.eu/project_management/

Education

Habilitation, University of Bremen, Faculty of Sociology, January 2007. Thesis on ‘Modernising health care. Reinventing professions, the state and the public’ (Policy Press, 2006)

PhD Sociology, University of Bielefeld, Faculty of Sociology, December 1998. Thesis (in German) on ‘Gender, professionalization and professions. A historical and empirical study of dentistry’, summa cum laude/with excellence (Leske+Budrich, 1998)

MA Public Health, University of Bielefeld, Faculty of Public Health, April 1996. Thesis (in German) on ‘Lay concepts of health: gender and occupation’ (Lit Verlag, 1996)

MA Sociology, University of Göttingen, Faculty of Sociology, October 1993. Thesis (in German) on ‘Sexual harassment at the workplace’, 1st grade (Centaurus, 1996)

Specialized nurse for anaesthesiology and intensive care, University Hospital Göttingen, October 1988

Registered nurse (Krankenschwester), March 1983, University Hospital Göttingen

Research description

My current research at MMC is hosted by the LEAD group and seeks to connect health systems and governance approaches with health professions/human resources and management issues. Research topics include the development of multi-level governance approaches, health workforce research in international and European comparative perspective, skill-mix in primary healthcare, innovative approaches in health labour market monitoring, clinical management and leadership, and gender and leadership in academic health centres in Europe.

Ongoing projects: 'Scoping the primary care workforce and stakeholder roles in developing competencies among the primary care workforce', as consultant for the WHO Regional Office for Europe, Division of Health Systems and Public Health, and contributions to a EU skill-mix project of the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policy.

Most recent projects: 'How profession and gender matter in the management of healthcare – a multilevel approach', funded by FORTE, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare (No 2014-2618; C751031003) and a comparative study on gender and leadership in academic health centres in Europe (at Karolinska Institutet, Sweden, 2015-16), a pilot study (at TU Dortmund, Germany, 2014-15) which looked into migration and integration of Spanish nurses in Germany, using focus groups in Spain and expert information in Germany. Another project in Germany entitled ‘Innovating hospitals through gender-sensitive organisations and health human resource management: a case study‘ (funded by the Ministry of Science and Arts, Hesse, co-chaired with Annette Henninger, 2013-14) was hosted at the University of Marburg, Institute of Political Science; key findings were published in the professional journals of doctors, Deutsches Ärzteblatt and Hessisches Ärzteblatt.

Teaching portfolio

I have teaching experience for more than 15 years, including at various universities in Germany and in England, Denmark and Sweden as well as numerous international guest lectures. Main areas include comparative health policy, sociologial approaches to healthcare and health and illness, professional groups, the organisation and management of health and social care, gender and diversity theories and research, and qualitative methodology. I also organised international PhD workshops. 

Academic honours, awards and prizes

 

Documents

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