The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2018 to James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo

Published 2018-10-01 11:34. Updated 2018-10-01 14:59Denna sida på svenska
Nobel Prize 2018
Nobelpristagare 2018, James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo.Nobel Prize Laureates 2018, James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo. 

The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet has today decided to award the 2018 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine jointly to James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation.

Cancer kills millions of people every year and is one of humanity’s greatest health challenges. By stimulating the inherent ability of our immune system to attack tumor cells this year’s Nobel Laureates have established an entirely new principle for cancer therapy.

James P. Allison studied a known protein that functions as a brake on the immune system. He realized the potential of releasing the brake and thereby unleashing our immune cells to attack tumors. He then developed this concept into a brand new approach for treating patients.

Nobel Prize 2018In parallel, Tasuku Honjo discovered a protein on immune cells and, after careful exploration of its function, eventually revealed that it also operates as a brake, but with a different mechanism of action. Therapies based on his discovery proved to be strikingly effective in the fight against cancer.

Allison and Honjo showed how different strategies for inhibiting the brakes on the immune system can be used in the treatment of cancer. The seminal discoveries by the two Laureates constitute a landmark in our fight against cancer.

James P. AllissonJames P. Allison: Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA , Parker Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy, San Francisco, CA, USA

Prize motivation: ”for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation.”

Prize share: 1/2

Tasuku HonjoTasuku Honjo: Affiliation at the time of the award: Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan

Prize motivation: ”for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation.”

Prize share: 1/2

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