Migration epidemiology with focus on cancer, diabetes, injury, psychiatric and cardiovascular diseases
My research is primarily focused on social and ethnical health disparities.
My research group investigates different health outcomes such as cancer, diabetes, injury, psychiatric and cardiovascular diseases incidence, mortality, survival, treatment and health management among different immigrant groups and their offspring, as well as among different socioeconomic groups in Sweden.
Migrants and their offspring constitute a considerable and growing proportion of the Swedish population. Sweden's current immigrant population represents about 14 percent of the population. The corresponding figure in Stockholm County is about 20 percent. Therefore, acquiring knowledge about the health status of this large and heterogeneous group will be of high importance to policy makers involved in integration of the immigrant population, health care professionals, and most importantly to the public.
In addition, studies of migrant populations have been particularly fruitful in the respect of investigating risk discrepancies in different diseases since the risk of the disease in a given migrant population might be compared with the risk in the host population (similar environment, different genetics) and with the population living in the place from which the migrants originally came (similar genetics, different environment). They may also be able to compare the risk in the migrants with that in their offspring, who have lived in the new environment throughout life.
The studies are based on the newly developed national Health and Migration Cohort (H&M Cohort) which covers the whole population of Sweden since 1960. Information such as country of birth and current residence including county and municipality, demographic, occupational and socioeconomic factors such as individual income, family income, capital income, and education, marital status, date of death and underlying cause of death since, in-patient and out-patient admissions for all causes including myocardial infarction and cancer, PCI procedures performed in Sweden, information about all patients admitted to the coronary care units and information on open heart surgeries, birth and reproductive history and prescribed pharmaceuticals are examples of the data available in the H&M cohort.
Apart from studies of immigrants, I participate in other research projects such as Burden of Disease and the role of socioeconomic position as a risk factor contributing to the burden of disease, gene-environment interaction and risk of rheumatoid arthritis: A comparison between Sweden and Iran and a series of studies exploring gender, social and health inequalities in Africa using the large Health and Demographic Health Surveys conducted in 15 African countries.
- The Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research
- The Swedish Research Council
- Financing of doctoral student, Karolinska Institutet (KID)
- Reza Abdoli, MSc in Statistics, PhD student
- Dashti Dzayee, MD, PhD student
- Hozan Hussen, MD, PhD student
- Mohsen Besharat Pour, MD, PhD student
- Dong Yang, Msc in Statistics, PhD student
- Elham Jadidi, MD, Pre-PhD
Five selected publications
Translation of questionnaire increases the response rate in immigrants: Filling the language gap or feeling of inclusion?
Scand J Public Health. 2010 Jun 9. [Epub ahead of print]
Urban area disadvantage and under-5 mortality in Nigeria: the effect of rapid urbanization.
Environ Health Perspect. 2010 Jun;118(6):877-83. Epub 2010 Feb 10. Erratum in: Environ Health Perspect. 2010 Jun;118(6):882.
Risk of prostate cancer among Swedish-born and foreign-born men in Sweden, 1961-2004.
Int J Cancer. 2009 Apr 15;124(8):1941-53.
The independent contribution of individual-, neighbourhood-, and country-level socioeconomic position on attitudes towards intimate partner violence against women in sub-Saharan Africa: A multilevel model of direct and moderating effects.
Soc Sci Med. 2009 Mar 19. [Epub ahead of print]
Physical activity and risk for breast cancer a prospective cohort study among Swedish twins.
Int J Cancer. 2002 Jul 1;100(1):76-81.