These days, the lives of many children diagnosed with cancer can be saved. But the treatment can lead to problems later in life.
Four out of five children diagnosed with cancer survive. But many survivors suffer side effects of their cancer treatment later in life. Where previously the aim was to survive at all costs, the aim is now increasingly to survive at a reasonable price.
These days we know of about 100 genes that we are certain are significant, but in the vast majority of cases we don’t know why children develop cancer.
Thanks to a new approach to developing new cancer drugs for children the hope is growing of saving more.
William Florin was 15 years old when he had cancer of the nasopharynx. It affects one teenager every three years.
"That morning we had been out picking spring flowers, and now we had been told that our one-year-old had leukaemia."
Freja Östergren Löthén wants to be a paediatric oncologist. She thinks children would find it reassuring if their doctor was someone who had had the same experience.