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About me

I am a Nicaraguan social epidemiologist with a background in Medicine, and gender equity.  


Doctoral degree (2011).  
Ph.D in Public Health. Umeå University, Sweden. Dissertation Title:  Salazar M (2011). Intimate Partner Violence in Nicaragua. Studies on ending abuse, child growth, and contraception.  Umeå University Medical Dissertation New Series No. 1411 ISSN: 0346-6612 ISBN: 978-91-7459-169-9. Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health,  Umeå University. Available at:;jsessionid=1dbe96c03ab31d5f2c89f02d98c1?parentRecord=diva2:413311&pid=diva2:413391. 

Master degree (2008).
Master in Science with Mention in Epidemiology. Nicaraguan National Autonomous University, León, Nicaragua.

Research description

I have extensive experience as a medical doctor and social epidemiologist conducting qualitative and quantitative research on women´s health and well-being in low-and middle-income countries.
The initial focus of my research has been studies on the relationship between violence against women, and women´s and their children´s health. As part of my increasing duties in my previous jobs, I have also collaborated with other social epidemiologists, and community stake holders to study emergent social issues such as citizen safety, early teenage pregnancies, children´s resilience, food insecurity, masculinity, and gendered constructions of stigma and discrimination to people living with HIV, among others. 
Currently, I am part of  a research group evaluating different aspects of an intervention aiming to increase institutional childbirth in India.  Other interest include studying sexually transmited infections among young people in Stockholm.

Selected Peer reviewed articles

Salazar M, Högberg U, Valladares E, Ohman A. The supportive process for ending intimate partner violence after pregnancy: the experience of Nicaraguan women. Violence Against Women. 2012 Nov;18 (11):1257-78.

Salazar M, Högberg U, Valladares E, Persson LÅ. Intimate partner violence and early child growth: a community-based cohort study in Nicaragua.BMC Pediatr. 2012 Jun 22;12:82. doi: 10.1186/1471-2431-12-82.

Salazar M, Valladares E, Högberg U. Questions about intimate partner violence should be part of contraceptive counseling: findings from a community-based longitudinal study in Nicaragua. J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care. 2012 Oct;38 (4):221-8.

Torres VM, Goicolea I, Edin K, Ohman A. 'Expanding your mind': the process of constructing gender-equitable masculinities in young Nicaraguan men participating in reproductive health or gender training programs. Glob Health Action. 2012;5. doi: 10.3402/gha.v5i0.17262. Epub 2012 Aug 2.

Salazar M, San San Sebastian, M. Violence against women and unintended pregnancies in Nicaragua: a population-based multilevel study. BMC Women´s Health. 2014, 14:26  doi:10.1186/1472-6874-14-26.

Salazar M, Dahlblom K, Solórzano L, Herrera A. Exposure to intimate partner violence reduces the protective effect that women’s high education has on children’s corporal punishment: a population-based study. Glob Health Action 2014, 7: 24774 -

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