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Carola Liden

Professor emeritus

Visiting address : Scheelelaboratoriet, Nobels Väg 13 Solna, Sweden
Postal address : Institute of Environmental Medicine (IMM), C6, Work environmental toxicology, Box 210 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
Delivery address : Scheelelaboratoriet, Nobels Väg 13 Solna, Sweden

About me

I was appointed professor of occupational and environmental dermatology at the Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet in 2009. During the years 2000-2008, I was adjunct professor at the Department of Medicine Solna. Since July 2016, I am active as professor emeritus at the Institute of Environmental Medicine. I have been senior physician and head of the Department of Occupational and Environmental Health and of the Unit of Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, Stockholm County Council. I have also worked at the former Swedish National Institute for Working Life.


MD 1973; Specialist in dermatology and venereology 1982; PhD 1988; Associate Professor (docent) 1990

Research description

Research, clinical work and risk assessment tasks have been my main areas. My research concerns occupational and environmental skin diseases, particularly skin allergy, hazardous skin exposure and skin exposure assessment. Clinical, experimental and epidemiological methodologies have been applied. I have had many expert assignments for the EU, OECD, Swedish Chemicals Agency and others concerning risk assessment and risk management. The research concerning skin sensitizing metals has been of vital importance in reducing the nickel allergy risk in the EU.




A population-based study of self-reported skin exposures and symptoms in relation to contact allergy in adolescents
Lagrelius M, Wahlgren Cf, Matura M, Bergström A, Kull I, Lidén C
Contact dermatitis 2017;77(4):242-249

Criteria for the evidence-based categorisation of skin sensitisers
Uter W, Johansen Jd, Lidén C, Lepoittevin Jp, White Ir
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 2017;105():14-21

Development, validation and testing of a skin sampling method for assessment of metal exposure
Erfani B, Midander K, Lidén C, Julander A
Contact dermatitis 2017;77(1):17-24

Hairdressers' skin exposure to hair dyes during different hair dyeing tasks
Lind Ml, Johnsson S, Lidén C, Meding B, Boman A
Contact dermatitis 2017;():-

Water Exposure on the Hands in Adolescents: A Report from the BAMSE Cohort
Meding B, Grönhagen Cm, Bergström A, Kull I, Wrangsjö K, Lidén C
Acta dermato-venereologica 2017;97(2):188-192

Alterations of telomere length and DNA methylation in hairdressers: A cross-sectional study
Li H, Åkerman G, Lidén C, Alhamdow A, Wojdacz Tk, Broberg K, et al
Environmental and molecular mutagenesis 2016;57(2):159-67

Chromium Dermatitis in a Metal Worker Due to Leather Gloves and Alkaline Coolant
Hedberg Ys, Liden C, Lindberg M

Chromium(III) and chromium(VI) release from leather during 8 months of simulated use
Hedberg Ys, Lidén C
Contact dermatitis 2016;75(2):82-8

Cobalt allergy: suitable test concentration, and concomitant reactivity to nickel and chromium
Lidén C, Andersson N, Julander A, Matura M
Contact dermatitis 2016;74(6):360-7

Comparative sensitizing potencies of fragrances, preservatives, and hair dyes
Lidén C, Yazar K, Johansen Jd, Karlberg At, Uter W, White Ir
Contact dermatitis 2016;75(5):265-275

Elicitation threshold of cobalt chloride: analysis of patch test dose-response studies
Fischer La, Johansen Jd, Voelund A, Lidén C, Julander A, Midander K, et al
Contact dermatitis 2016;74(2):105-9

High prevalence of contact allergy in adolescence: results from the population-based BAMSE birth cohort
Lagrelius M, Wahlgren Cf, Matura M, Kull I, Lidén C
Contact dermatitis 2016;74(1):44-51

Nickel on the market: a baseline survey of articles in 'prolonged contact' with skin
Ringborg E, Lidén C, Julander A
Contact dermatitis 2016;75(2):77-81

[Not Available]
Lidén C, Bruze M
Lakartidningen 2016;113():-

Snapshot of cobalt, chromium and nickel exposure in dental technicians
Kettelarij J, Nilsson S, Midander K, Lidén C, Julander A
Contact dermatitis 2016;75(6):370-376

Testing in artificial sweat - Is less more? Comparison of metal release in two different artificial sweat solutions
Midander K, Julander A, Kettelarij J, Lidén C
Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP 2016;81():381-386

Better communication of the work of the Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS)
Contact dermatitis 2015;72(4):191-2

Chromium released from leather - I: exposure conditions that govern the release of chromium(III) and chromium(VI)
Hedberg Ys, Lidén C, Odnevall Wallinder I
Contact dermatitis 2015;72(4):206-15

Chromium released from leather - II: the importance of environmental parameters
Mathiason F, Lidén C, Hedberg Ys
Contact dermatitis 2015;72(5):275-85

Contact allergy trends in Sweden - a retrospective comparison of patch test data from 1992, 2000, and 2009
Fall S, Bruze M, Isaksson M, Lidén C, Matura M, Stenberg B, et al
Contact dermatitis 2015;72(5):297-304

Correlation between bulk- and surface chemistry of Cr-tanned leather and the release of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) (vol 280, pg 654, 2014)
Hedberg Y, Liden C, Wallinder Io

European Society of Contact Dermatitis guideline for diagnostic patch testing - recommendations on best practice
Johansen Jd, Aalto-korte K, Agner T, Andersen Ke, Bircher A, Bruze M, et al
Contact dermatitis 2015;73(4):195-221

Exposure of hairdressers to ortho- and meta-toluidine in hair dyes
Johansson Gm, Jonsson Bag, Axmon A, Lindh Ch, Lind Ml, Gustavsson M, et al

Hand eczema and atopic dermatitis in adolescents: a prospective cohort study from the BAMSE project
Grönhagen C, Lidén C, Wahlgren Cf, Ballardini N, Bergström A, Kull I, et al
The British journal of dermatology 2015;173(5):1175-82

Jewellery: alloy composition and release of nickel, cobalt and lead assessed with the EU synthetic sweat method
Hamann D, Thyssen Jp, Hamann Cr, Hamann C, Menné T, Johansen Jd, et al
Contact dermatitis 2015;73(4):231-8

Methylisothiazolinone and benzisothiazolinone are widely used in paint: a multicentre study of paints from five European countries
Schwensen Jf, Lundov Md, Bossi R, Banerjee P, Gimenez-arnau E, Lepoittevin Jp, et al
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2015;72(3):127-38

Methylisothiazolinone in rinse-off products causes allergic contact dermatitis: a repeated open-application study
Yazar K, Lundov Md, Faurschou A, Matura M, Boman A, Johansen Jd, et al
The British journal of dermatology 2015;173(1):115-22

Nickel Exposure When Working Out in the Gym
Gumulka M, Matura M, Liden C, Kettelarij Jab, Julander A

Patch testing with hair cosmetic series in Europe: a critical review and recommendation
Uter W, Bensefa-colas L, Frosch P, Giménez-arnau A, John Sm, Lepoittevin Jp, et al
Contact dermatitis 2015;73(2):69-81

Short and frequent skin contact with nickel
Erfani B, Lidén C, Midander K
Contact dermatitis 2015;73(4):222-30

The influence of hydrogen peroxide on the permeability of protective gloves to resorcinol in hairdressing
Lind Ml, Johnsson S, Liden C, Meding B, Boman A
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2015;72(1):33-9

Cobalt, nickel and chromium release from dental tools and alloys
Kettelarij Jab, Liden C, Axen E, Julander A
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2014;70(1):3-10

Cobalt skin dose resulting from short and repetitive contact with hard metals
Midander K, Julander A, Skare L, Lidén C
Contact dermatitis 2014;70(6):361-8

Correlation between bulk- and surface chemistry of Cr-tanned leather and the release of Cr(III) and Cr(VI)
Hedberg Ys, Lidén C, Odnevall Wallinder I
Journal of hazardous materials 2014;280():654-61

Coupled exposure to ingredients of cosmetic products: III. Ultraviolet filters
Uter W, Goncalo M, Yazar K, Kratz Em, Mildau G, Liden C
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2014;71(3):162-9

Coupled exposure to ingredients of cosmetic products: II. Preservatives
Uter W, Yazar K, Kratz Em, Mildau G, Lidén C
Contact dermatitis 2014;70(4):219-26

Do insulation products of man-made vitreous fibres still cause skin discomfort?
Lundgren L, Moberg C, Lidén C
Contact dermatitis 2014;70(6):351-60

Failure of total hip implants: metals and metal release in 52 cases
Jakobsen Ss, Liden C, Soballe K, Johansen Jd, Menne T, Lundgren L, et al
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2014;71(6):319-25

Formal recycling of e-waste leads to increased exposure to toxic metals: an occupational exposure study from Sweden
Julander A, Lundgren L, Skare L, Grandér M, Palm B, Vahter M, et al
Environment international 2014;73():243-51

Governance, stewardship and cosmetics
Contact dermatitis 2014;70(5):261-

Multicentre patch testing with fragrance mix II and hydroxyisohexyl 3-cyclohexene carboxaldehyde by the Swedish Contact Dermatitis Research Group
Isaksson M, Inerot A, Lidén C, Lindberg M, Matura M, Möller H, et al
Contact dermatitis 2014;70(3):187-9

Nickel release from white gold
Midander K, Kettelarij J, Julander A, Lidén C
Contact dermatitis 2014;71(2):109-11

p-Phenylenediamine and other allergens in hair dye products in the United States: a consumer exposure study
Hamann D, Yazar K, Hamann Cr, Thyssen Jp, Lidén C
Contact dermatitis 2014;70(4):213-8

Prevalence and incidence of hand eczema in adolescence: report from BAMSE--a population-based birth cohort
Grönhagen Cm, Lidén C, Bergström A, Kull I, Wahlgren Cf, Meding B
The British journal of dermatology 2014;171(3):609-14

Readability of product ingredient labels can be improved by simple means: an experimental study
Yazar K, Seimyr GÖ, Novak Ja, White Ir, Lidén C
Contact dermatitis 2014;71(4):233-41

Severe occupational chromium allergy despite cement legislation
Hedberg Ys, Gumulka M, Lind Ml, Matura M, Lidén C
Contact dermatitis 2014;70(5):321-3

The methylisothiazolinone epidemic: Is the fire out or is Rome still burning?
Contact dermatitis 2014;70(2):67-8

Activation of non-sensitizing or low-sensitizing fragrance substances into potent sensitizers - prehaptens and prohaptens
Karlberg At, Börje A, Duus Johansen J, Lidén C, Rastogi S, Roberts D, et al
Contact dermatitis 2013;69(6):323-34

Categorization of fragrance contact allergens for prioritization of preventive measures: clinical and experimental data and consideration of structure-activity relationships
Uter W, Johansen Jd, Börje A, Karlberg At, Lidén C, Rastogi S, et al
Contact dermatitis 2013;69(4):196-230

Coin exposure may cause allergic nickel dermatitis: a review
Thyssen Jp, Gawkrodger Dj, White Ir, Julander A, Menné T, Lidén C
Contact dermatitis 2013;68(1):3-14

Coupled exposure to ingredients of cosmetic products: I. Fragrances
Uter W, Yazar K, Kratz Em, Mildau G, Liden C
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2013;69(6):335-41

Is there a flip-side to nickel use in coins?
Lidén C, Thyssen Jp, White Ir
Contact dermatitis 2013;68(1):1-2

[Latex allergy is a problem for both health professionals and patients. Perhaps the climax has been reached thanks to preventive measures]
Wrangsjö K, Boman A, Lidén C, Meding B
Lakartidningen 2013;110(29-31):1337-9

Myths, beliefs and fragrance allergy
Contact dermatitis 2013;69(4):193-5

New UK nickel-plated steel coins constitute an increased allergy and eczema risk
Julander A, Midander K, Herting G, Thyssen Jp, White Ir, Odnevall Wallinder I, et al
Contact dermatitis 2013;68(6):323-30

Nickel allergy following EU regulation--more action is needed
Lidén C
The British journal of dermatology 2013;169(4):733-

The cobalt spot test--further insights into its performance and use
Midander K, Julander A, Skare L, Thyssen Jp, Lidén C
Contact dermatitis 2013;69(5):280-7

The cost of nickel allergy: a global investigation of coin composition and nickel and cobalt release
Hamann Cr, Hamann D, Hamann C, Thyssen Jp, Liden C
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2013;68(1):15-22

The hair dye allergy self-test: considerations for treating physicians
Thyssen Jp, White Ir, Lidén C, Johansen Jd
The British journal of dermatology 2013;168(2):448-

Cobalt release from implants and consumer items and characteristics of cobalt sensitized patients with dermatitis
Thyssen Jp, Menne T, Liden C, Julander A, Jensen P, Jakobsen Ss, et al
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2012;66(3):113-22

Epoxy pipe relininguan emerging contact allergy risk for workers
Berglind Ia, Lind Ml, Liden C
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2012;67(2):59-65

Hypersensitivity reactions to metallic implants - diagnostic algorithm and suggested patch test series for clinical use
Schalock Pc, Menne T, Johansen Jd, Taylor Js, Maibach Hi, Liden C, et al
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2012;66(1):4-19

Nickel deposited on the skin-visualization by DMG test. (vol 64, pg 151, 2011)
Julander A, Skare L, Vahter M, Liden C
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2012;66(1):53-53

Nickel may be released from laptop computers
Jensen P, Jellesen Ms, Moller P, Johansen Jd, Liden C, Menne T, et al
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2012;67(6):384-5

p-Phenylenediamine and other hair dye sensitizers in Spain
Yazar K, Boman A, Liden C
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2012;66(1):27-32

Primary prevention of latex allergy in healthcareuspectrum of strategies including the European glove standardization
Wrangsjo K, Boman A, Liden C, Meding B
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2012;66(4):165-71

Self-administered patch tests - a useful tool in 16 years old youth
Lundin S, Matura M, Liden C, Wahlgren C, Wickman M, Bergstrom A, et al
ALLERGY 2012;:192-193

Self-testing for contact sensitization to hair dyes - scientific considerations and clinical concerns of an industry-led screening programme
Thyssen Jp, Sosted H, Uter W, Schnuch A, Gimenez-arnau Am, Vigan M, et al
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2012;66(6):300-11

Skin exposure to epoxy in the pipe relining trade-an observational study
Fillenham G, Liden C, Berglind Ia
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2012;67(2):66-72

Assessment of nickel and cobalt release from 200 unused hand-held work tools for sale in Denmark - Sources of occupational metal contact dermatitis?
Thyssen Jp, Jensen P, Liden C, Julander A, Jellesen Ms, Menne T, et al

Clinical work-up of a highly reactive nickel-allergic patient
Thyssen Jp, Johansen Jd, Liden C, Moller P, Jellesen Ms, Menne T
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2011;65(1):51-3

Excessive nickel release from earrings purchased from independent shops and street markets - a field study from Warsaw and London
Thyssen Jp, Menne T, Liden C, White Ir, White J, Spiewak R, et al

Multicentre patch testing with a resol resin based on phenol and formaldehyde
Isaksson M, Inerot A, Liden C, Matura M, Stenberg B, Moller H, et al
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2011;65(1):34-7

Multicentre Patch Testing with Compositae Mix by the Swedish Contact Dermatitis Research Group
Swedish Contact Dermatitis Res Grp, Isaksson M, Hansson C, Inerot A, Liden C, Matura M, et al

Nickel deposited on the skin-visualization by DMG test
Julander A, Skare L, Vahter M, Liden C
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2011;64(3):151-7

Nickel on the Dutch market: 10 years after entry into force of the EU Nickel Directive
Biesterbos J, Liden C, Van Der Valk P
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2011;65(2):115-7

Nomenclature of metal allergens in contact dermatitis
Lepoittevin Jp, Midander K, Thyssen Jp, Liden C

Occupational hand eczema caused by nickel and evaluated by quantitative exposure assessment
Jensen P, Thyssen Jp, Johansen Jd, Skare L, Menne T, Liden C
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2011;64(1):32-6

Preservatives and fragrances in selected consumer-available cosmetics and detergents
Yazar K, Johnsson S, Lind Ml, Boman A, Liden C
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2011;64(5):265-72

Revision of the European standard for control of the EU nickel restriction - a probable improvement for European citizens
Thyssen Jp, Uter W, Menne T, Liden C
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2011;65(1):60-1

The EU Nickel Directive revisited-future steps towards better protection against nickel allergy
Thyssen Jp, Uter W, Mcfadden J, Menne T, Spiewak R, Vigan M, et al
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2011;64(3):121-5

A spot test for detection of cobalt release - early experience and findings
Thyssen Jp, Menne T, Johansen Jd, Liden C, Julander A, Moller P, et al
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2010;63(2):63-9

Cobalt release from inexpensive jewellery: has the use of cobalt replaced nickel following regulatory intervention?
Thyssen Jp, Jellesen Ms, Menne T, Liden C, Julander A, Moller P, et al
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2010;63(2):70-6

Hypersensitivity reactions from metallic implants: a future challenge that needs to be addressed
Thyssen Jp, Johansen Jd, Menne T, Liden C, Bruze M, White Ir

Nickel on the Swedish market: follow-up 10 years after entry into force of the EU Nickel Directive
Biesterbos J, Yazar K, Liden C
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2010;63(6):333-9

Sensitivity and specificity of the nickel spot (dimethylglyoxime) test
Thyssen Jp, Skare L, Lundgren L, Menne T, Johansen Jd, Maibach Hi, et al
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2010;62(5):279-88

Skin Deposition of Nickel, Cobalt, and Chromium in Production of Gas Turbines and Space Propulsion Components
Julander A, Skare L, Mulder M, Grander M, Vahter M, Liden C

Cobalt-containing alloys and their ability to release cobalt and cause dermatitis
Julander A, Hindsen M, Skare L, Liden C
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2009;60(3):165-70

Occupational skin exposure to water: a population-based study
Berglind Ia, Alderling M, Jarvholm B, Liden C, Meding B

Potent skin sensitizers in oxidative hair dye products on the Swedish market
Yazar K, Boman A, Liden C
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2009;61(5):269-75

Clinical experience informing risk assessment
Liden C

Deposition of nickel, chromium, and cobalt on the skin in some occupations - assessment by acid wipe sampling
Liden C, Skare L, Nise G, Vahter M
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2008;58(6):347-54

Release of nickel from coins and deposition onto skin from coin handling - comparing euro coins and SEK
Liden C, Skare L, Vahter M
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2008;59(1):31-7

Gender differences in the disposition and toxicity of metals
Vahter M, Akesson A, Liden C, Ceccatelli S, Berglund M

[New measures against old contact allergens]
Lidén C
Lakartidningen 2007;104(48):3668-72

Time trends in Swedish patch test data from 1992 to 2000. A multi-centre study based on age-adjusted and sex-adjusted results of the Swedish standard series
Lindberg M, Edman B, Fischer T, Stenberg B
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2007;56(4):205-10

Assessment of dermal pesticide exposure with fluorescent tracer: A modification of a visual scoring system for developing countries
Aragon A, Blanco Le, Funez A, Ruepert C, Liden C, Nise G, et al

Assessment of skin exposure to nickel, chromium and cobalt by acid wipe sampling and ICP-MS
Liden C, Skare L, Lind B, Nise G, Vahter M
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2006;54(5):233-8

Large organic aerosols in a dynamic and continuous whole-body exposure chamber tested on humans and on a heated mannequin
Lundgren L, Skare L, Liden C, Tornling G

Measuring dust on skin with a small vacuuming sampler - A comparison with other sampling techniques
Lundgren L, Skare L, Liden C

Self-reported skin exposure - validation of questions by observation
Anveden I, Liden C, Alderling M, Meding B
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2006;55(3):186-91

[Skin allergy and hypersensitivity surveyed in a Swedish study]
Metsävainio As, Utter A, Stenberg B, Lidén C, Meding B, Svensson A
Lakartidningen 2006;103(41):3075-8

Accumulation of eosinophils and T-lymphocytes in the lungs after exposure to pinewood dust
Gripenback S, Lundgren L, Eklund A, Liden C, Skare L, Tornling G, et al

Determinants of dermal exposure among Nicaraguan subsistence farmers during pesticide applications with backpack sprayers
Blanco Le, Aragon A, Lundberg I, Liden C, Wesseling C, Nise G

Evaluation of the skin sensitizing potency of chemicals by using the existing methods and considerations of relevance for elicitation
Basketter Da, Andersen Ke, Liden C, Van Loveren H, Boman A, Kimber I, et al
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2005;52(1):39-43

Nickel on the Swedish market. Follow-up after implementation of the nickel directive
Liden C, Norberg K
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2005;52(1):29-35

Oral prednisone suppresses allergic but not irritant patch test reactions in individuals hypersensitive to nickel
Anveden I, Lindberg M, Andersen Ke, Bruze M, Isaksson M, Liden C, et al
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2004;50(5):298-303

Reliability of a visual scoring system with fluorescent tracers to assess dermal pesticide exposure
Aragon A, Blanco L, Lopez L, Liden C, Nise G, Wesseling C

"You get what you ask for' - impact of the wording of questions on skin disease
Meding B, Liden C, Burstrom B

Biocides: Characterization of the allergenic hazard of methylisothiazolinone
Basketter Da, Gilmour Nj, Wright Zm, Walters T, Boman A, Liden C

Lung accumulations of eosinophil granulocytes after exposure to cornstarch glove powder
Grunewald J, Eklund A, Katchar K, Moshfegh A, Liden C, Lundgren L, et al

Wheat flour exposure results in recruitment of inflammatory cells in the lungs of healthy individuals
Gripenback S, Lundgren L, Eklund A, Liden C, Skare L, Tornling G, et al

[Good opportunities to prevent contact eczema through legislation]
Lidén C
Lakartidningen 2002;99(7):651-4

Metals and women's health
Vahter M, Berglund M, Akesson A, Liden C

Experiences from long-term research cooperation between Costa Rican, Nicaraguan, and Swedish institutions
Hogstedt C, Ahlbom A, Aragon A, Castillo L, Kautsky N, Lidén C, et al
International journal of occupational and environmental health 2001;7(2):130-5

Legislative and preventive measures related to contact dermatitis
Liden C
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2001;44(2):65-9

Nickel on the Swedish market before the Nickel Directive
Liden C, Johnsson S
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2001;44(1):7-12

Nickel release from coins
Liden C, Carter S
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2001;44(3):160-5

Self-diagnosed dermatitis in adults - Results from a population survey in Stockholm
Meding B, Liden C, Berglind N
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2001;45(6):341-5

Cross-reactivity patterns of cobalt and nickel studied with repeated open applications (ROATS) to the skin of guinea pigs
Wahlberg Je, Lidén C
American journal of contact dermatitis : official journal of the American Contact Dermatitis Society 2000;11(1):42-8

Dental resins: Identification of acrylate contamination during common dental treatments.
Sandborgh-englund G, Wiatr-adamczak E, Ekstrand J, Boman A, Rondell E, Liden C
JOURNAL OF DENTAL RESEARCH 2000;79(5):1290-1290

Sensitizing potential of chlorothalonil in the guinea pig and the mouse
Boman A, Montelius J, Rissanen Rl, Liden C
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2000;43(5):273-9

Cross-reactivity patterns of palladium and nickel studied by repeated open applications (ROATs) to the skin of guinea pigs
Wahlberg Je, Liden C
CONTACT DERMATITIS 1999;41(3):145-9

Dose-response studies of contact allergens using 3 guinea pig models
Wahlkvist H, Boman A, Liden C
CONTACT DERMATITIS 1999;41(4):198-206

Gold allergy and artificial sweat - Reply
Liden C, Nordenadler M
CONTACT DERMATITIS 1999;41(1):58-59

A new whole-body exposure chamber for human skin and lung challenge experiments - the generation of wheat flour aerosols
Liden C, Lundgren L, Skare L, Liden G, Tornling G, Krantz S

Metal release from gold-containing jewellery materials: no gold release detected
Liden C, Nordenadler M, Skare L
CONTACT DERMATITIS 1998;39(6):281-5

Nickel release from tools on the Swedish market
Liden C, Rondell E, Skare L, Nalbanti A
CONTACT DERMATITIS 1998;39(3):127-31

Quantification and specificity of the repeated open application test (ROAT) - A methodological study using cobalt and colophony in guinea pigs
Wahlberg Je, Farm G, Liden C

Nickel-containing alloys and platings and their ability to cause dermatitis
Liden C, Menne T, Burrows D

Farm G, Karlberg At, Liden C
CONTACT DERMATITIS 1995;32(5):273-80

Karlberg At, Gafvert E, Liden C

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