I work as an Accociate Professor at the Unit of Occupational and Envrionmental Dermatology. My research area is mainly how metals in different forms interact and affect the skin.
2000 Master of Science in Biology, Stockholm University, Sweden.
Title: Bioaccumulation and elimination of flame retardant PBDE-47 in the Baltic tellenid clam, Macoma Baltica.
2005 PhD in Environmental Science, Örebro University, Sweden.
Title: Exposure to brominated flame retardants in electronics recycling - air and human plasma levels.
2014 Associate Professor of Occupational and Envrionmental Medicine
Skin exposure to hazardous substances, with emphasis on metals.
The aim of my research is to characterise skin exposure and processes leading to uptake of metals through skin.
Exposure to metals are common, but very little is known about how much metals that are present on the skin. Many metals are both allergenic and toxic and occur as alloys or surface coatings. Contact with skin occurs through manual handling or deposition onto the skin. In my research I characterize metal exposure, by sampling the skin surface, blood and urine of humans and I also collect air samples from the working environment. I also work with diffusion cells (in vitro). Using these one can study skin penetration and uptake of substances.
Sampling of skin is performed using two methods – acid wipe sampling and tape stripping. The first method uses a dilute acid with which the skin is wiped. The metals in the wipe are analysed with ICP-MS which give a quantitative skin dose. In the second method, the outer layer of the skin is removed for analysis with electron microscopy to study particle size and composition. Combining these two methods with traditional sampling (blood/urine) and air monitoring allows us to understand the exposure scenario to metals.
Coin exposure may cause allergic nickel dermatitis: a review
Contact dermatitis 2013;68(1):3-14
New UK nickel-plated steel coins constitute an increased allergy and eczema risk
Contact dermatitis 2013;68(6):323-30
The cobalt spot test--further insights into its performance and use
Contact dermatitis 2013;69(5):280-7
Cobalt release from implants and consumer items and characteristics of cobalt sensitized patients with dermatitis
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2012;66(3):113-22
Assessment of nickel and cobalt release from 200 unused hand-held work tools for sale in Denmark - Sources of occupational metal contact dermatitis?
SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 2011;409(22):4663-6
Nickel deposited on the skin-visualization by DMG test
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2011;64(3):151-7
A spot test for detection of cobalt release - early experience and findings
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2010;63(2):63-9
Cobalt release from inexpensive jewellery: has the use of cobalt replaced nickel following regulatory intervention?
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2010;63(2):70-6
Skin Deposition of Nickel, Cobalt, and Chromium in Production of Gas Turbines and Space Propulsion Components
ANNALS OF OCCUPATIONAL HYGIENE 2010;54(3):340-50
Cobalt-containing alloys and their ability to release cobalt and cause dermatitis
CONTACT DERMATITIS 2009;60(3):165-70
Levels of brominated flame retardants in blood in relation to levels in household air and dust
ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL 2007;33(1):62-9
Ah receptor agonists in UV-exposed toluene solutions of decabromodiphenyl ether (decaBDE) and in soils contaminated with polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH 2006;13(3):161-9
Distribution of brominated flame retardants in different dust fractions in air from an electronics recycling facility
SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 2005;350(1-3):151-60
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers - plasma levels and thyroid status of workers at an electronic recycling facility
INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH 2005;78(7):584-92
Reply to 'Comment on: "Personal air sampling and analysis of polybrominated diphenyl ethers and other bromine containing compounds at an electronics recycling facility in Sweden"' by M. L. Hardy, JEM, 2005, 7, DOI: 10.1039/b418857h
JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING 2005;7(6):644-644
Solid-phase extraction of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in human plasma comparison with an open column extraction method
Personal air sampling and analysis of polybrominated diphenyl ethers and other bromine containing compounds at an electronic recycling facility in Sweden
JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING 2004;6(11):874-80
Polybrominated diphenylethers and methoxylated tetrabromodiphenylethers in cetaceans from the Mediterranean Sea
ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY 2004;47(4):542-50