Research team Caroline Palm Apergi

Targeting Plk1 in cancer therapy

Caroline Palm Apergi

Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) is a serine/threonine kinase that plays a key role in various events during mitosis. It is overexpressed in many human solid tumors such as ovarian and breast cancer and was recently also found to be overexpressed in leukemia. Although several small molecules have been developed to inhibit the Plk1 protein, the inhibitors show an off target effect, as they are not Plk1 specific but also inhibit other proteins. Depletion of Plk1 by RNA interference (RNAi) is specific and results in G2-arrest and apoptosis in tumor cells. However, the biggest barrier for RNAi therapeutics has been to find a delivery vehicle that can transport the active short interfering RNA (siRNA) across the cell membrane into the cytoplasm where it will exert its effect. We are working with RNAi prodrugs that enter cells without any delivery vehicle and are cleaved by cytoplasmic enzymes inside cells into wild type siRNA that induce target mRNA cleavage. Our aim is to study Plk1 with RNAi prodrugs in comparison to small molecule inhibitors in samples from cancer patients and healthy donors to analyze if tumor cells, and not healthy cells, undergo apoptosis after Plk1 depletion. We are also investigating the mechanism by which non-transformed cells may survive Plk1 depletion and if other members of the Plk family are involved. Our main focus is on:

  • Pediatric leukemia
  • Ovarian Cancer
  • Breast Cancer


Caroline Palm Apergi 
Cancer Center Karolinska
Karolinska University Hospital-Solna
CCK R8:00
171 76 Stockholm, Sweden

Team members

​Caroline Palm Apergi PhD, Assistant Professor 
Elin Edsbäcker PhD student
Iryna Kolosenko PhD, Postdoc
Ann-Charlotte Björklund, Research Technician


  • Cancer- och Allergifonden 
  • Ingvar Carlsson Award 5, The Foundation for Strategic Research
  • The Childhood Cancer Foundation
  • Olle Engkvist Foundation
  • Magnus Bergvall Foundation
  • Alex och Eva Wallström Foundation
  • Karolinska Institutet
  • Dr Åke Olssons stiftelse