Policies and programmes for suicide prevention
National Program for Suicide Prevention
The proposed National Program for Suicide Prevention is a programme which aims to reduce the number of suicides in Sweden. The program was submitted to Government in December 2006 by the National Board of Health and Welfare (SoS) and the Swedish Institute of Public Health (FHI) and has been out for consultation. In June 2008 the program was approved by the seated parliament.
The program recommends the following nine strategies:
- Improving the life chances of disadvantaged groups
- To reduce alcohol consumption in general and in high-risk groups
- Reducing the availability of highly lethal means of suicide
- To begin managing suicide as psychological accident
- To capture more of medical, psychological and psychosocial interventions
- To disseminate the knowledge of evidence-based practice to reduce suicide
- To increase awareness of suicidal individuals with personnel and other key people in care.
- To introduce the event analysis of the Lex Maria-notified suicide.
- Support for NGOs
The Swedish Institute of Public Health presented guidelines for suicide prevention at the population level. The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare presented guidelines on prevention of suicide in the individual. NASP:s role was to act as an expert for the FHI and to write the background materials to support the work of SoS.
The following documents were produced (in Swedish)
Parliamentary Statement and decisions on the Swedish National Suicide Prevention Program
On 27 April 2005, the Swedish Parliament announced that a National programme for suicide prevention should be developed (bet. 2004/05: SoU11, rskr.2004/05: 218). On 21 July 2005, the then government commissioned the Swedish Institute of Public Health (FHI) and The Swedish National Board of health and Welfare (SoS) to develop proposals for policies and measures needed for a national program for suicide prevention, which were created in consultation with the NASP. This included proposals for population-oriented strategies and actions for state agencies, counties and municipalities.
FHI and SoS created a proposal for a National Program for Suicide Prevention, which included an overall vision and nine strategies. The strategies and respondents' views are reported in: Extract from the Government bill 2007/08: 110 A renewed public health policy (March 2008)
Chapter 8 Suicide Prevention - A renewed public health policy (March 2008)
Support Materials (in only available in Swedish)
A renewed public health policy considered by the Social Committee, see Excerpts from the Social Committee report 2007/08: SoU11 May 6, 2008
Social committee's proposal to the parliament decision, see Excerpts from the Social Committee minutes 22 May 2008.
Parliamentary Debate - A renewed public health policy, see Extracts from the Parliamentary Protocol 2007/2008: 122 June 4, 2008 § 13 A renewed public health policy.
The Parliamentary decision on a renewal of public health policy, incl. National suicide prevention program see Extracts from Parliamentary Protocol 2007/08: 123 Thursday, 5 June 2008. 12:00 to 18:41
Suicide Prevention - Decision taken with acclamation.
Decision: The House approved the committee's proposals
9 Suicide prevention strategies